Nitrogen Reduction

Chemical Formula: N2, NO2
Present as:

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7. It is the lightest pnictogen, and at room temperature it is a transparent, odorless diatomic gas. Nitrogen is a common element in the universe, estimated at about seventh in total abundance in the Milky Way and the Solar System.
Nitrogen is the most abundant element in Earth’s atmosphere, making up about 78% of the atmosphere by volume. It is essential to life as we know it. It is also the most common uncombined element on Earth, since all the more common elements occur primarily as compounds. The element nitrogen was discovered as a separable component of air by Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford in 1772.
Many industrially important compounds, such as ammonia, nitric acid, organic nitrates (propellants and explosives), and cyanides, contain nitrogen. The extremely strong triple bond in elemental nitrogen (N≡N) dominates nitrogen chemistry, causing difficulty for both organisms and industry in converting the N2 into useful compounds, but at the same time causing release of large amounts of often useful energy when the compounds burn, explode, or decay back into nitrogen gas. Synthetically produced ammonia and nitrates are key industrial fertilizers, and fertilizer nitrates are key pollutants in the eutrophication of water systems.
Nitrogen in water is present as a dissolved gas.

Nitrous oxide has been used as an anesthetic and as a aerosol propellent. It is also used as an oxygen source in drag racing as well as a recreational intoxicant.

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